Veterinary medicine

Veterinary medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of
health conditions in animals. Professionals that carry out this practice are called Veterinary doctors.
They can also be referred to as Veterinary surgeons, Veterinary physicians or Veterinarians. These
professionals are primarily concerned about the health and welfare of animals. They take an oath,
known as a Veterinary Hippocratic oath swearing to use their scientific knowledge and skills to protect
the health and welfare of animals; and public that interacts with animals.
Veterinary surgeons will sometimes be assisted by Veterinary nurses, Veterinary technicians, Veterinary
laboratory technicians, para-Vets and Veterinary assistants in their work. All these categories are
referred to as Veterinary para-professionals. Animal nutritionists and animal production scientists
sometimes are also included in this group, although they can also be separate professions.
The scope of Veterinary medicine or veterinary science is very broad. Veterinary surgeons are able to
practice their science on all animal species in existence without needing any further specialization.
However, some doctors will specialize based on their interest and continue progressing academically in
their fields of interest. These are some of the specialties of Veterinary medicine practices:

 Companion animal care
 canine and feline medicine
 Ruminant medicine
 Poultry medicine
 Equine medicine
 Swine medicine
 Surgery
 Preventive medicine
 Sports animal medicine
 Theriogenology
 Toxicology
 Wildlife and zoo medicine
 Pathology
 Clinical pharmacology
 Anesthesia and analgesia
 Laboratory animal medicine. And many more.
Veterinary medicine can also become super-specialized, just like in human medicine, but it goes as far as
clients are willing to pay for. For a Veterinary surgeon to become a Veterinary specialist, he/she has to
take on additional training in a desired specialty field, followed by acquiring some experience in the
same. For example, there are veterinary surgeons that have undergone additional training in specialties
like orthopedics, oncology, ophthalmology, dermatology, internal medicine, and neuroscience. Patients
can be referred to Veterinary specialists from general Veterinary surgeons. Depending on species of interest, some will practice these specialties on a limited number of species. But generally, it is a little difficult for any veterinary surgeon to expect to work on only a few species of animals. You could have practiced on dogs and cats for most of your Vet life, but on any given day, a phone call will come through with a sick python, and despite your specialization, you will be expected to diagnose the problem and offer a solution to the snake. In Uganda and most East African countries, most practices are general practices with only a few at specialization level. That is because the clientele have not yet embraced such a relationship with animals to go to that extent of expenditure on animal health. If you are looking for bracelet. There’s something to suit every look, from body-hugging to structured, from cuffs to chain chain bracelet and cuffs.

Veterinarians practice their knowledge and skills in many fields: These include:

  • Veterinary clinics and hospital practice
  • Public health and food safety
  • Security forces
  • Police
  • Analytical laboratories
  • Animal welfare
  • Animal nutrition
  • Aquatic animal health
  • Conservation and Wildlife
  • Research laboratories
  • Academia
  • Immigration
  • Revenue authorities
  • Standards’ agencies
  • Regulation and enforcement
  • Science journalism
  • Global health and security
  • And many more


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